SIR MARTIN GILBERT, a British historian, was knighted in 1995 for his services to British history and to international affairs. Sir Martin has written eighty-three books and many essays and articles. He is the official biographer of Sir Winston Churchill, and an authority on Jewish and Holocaust history. His works include the three-volume A History of the Twentieth Century, the highly acclaimed The Holocaust: the Jewish Tragedy, histories of the First World War and Second World War, the definitive Israel: A History, and twelve pioneering historical atlases, including the Atlas of the Arab-Israel Conflict, first published in 1974 and now in its ninth edition. Sir Martin co-authored the script for Genocide, which won an Academy Award for best documentary film in 1981. For two consecutive years he was a Non-Governmental Organization (NGO) representative at the United Nations Human Rights Commission at Geneva. In 1995 he accompanied the British Prime Minister John Major on official journeys to Israel, Gaza, Jordan, and to Washington; and in 2008/9 he accompanied Prime Minister Gordon Brown to Israel and to Auschwitz. His most recent book is In Ishmael’s House.: The History of Jews in Muslim Lands.Israel and Auschwitz. In 2009 he was made a Privy Councillor (as “the Rt. Hon. Sir Martin Gilbert”) and was appointed a member of the British Government’s Iraq Inquiry.